Glossary of Fitness Terms – Workout Terms Defined
- Accommodating Resistance
- Active Recovery
- Adenosine Triphosphate
- Aerobic exercise
- Amino Acids
- Anaerobic exercise
- Anaerobic Threshold
- Anatomy Terms
- Cluster Sets
- Compound Exercises
- Concentric Muscle Action – The lifting portion of an exercise.
- Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS)
- DOMS (Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness)
- Doubles – Short for doing sets of two reps.
- Drop Set
- Dynamic Stretching
- Dynamic Warm-Up
- Fartlek training (speed play)
- Glycemic Index (GI)
- Growth Hormone
- Heart Rate Zones (HR)
- High-intensity Interval Training (HIIT)
- Interval training
- Iso kinetic Exercise
- Isometric Contraction – The muscle produces force, but doesn’t move.
- NEAT (Non-exercise activity thermogenesis)
- Olympic Lifts
- Overload Principle
- Parasympathetic Nervous System
- Periodization – The organization and manipulation of training elements of time.
- Plyometric Exercise
- Primary Exercise – The main compound movement in your workout. After your warm up it’s the first, and sometimes the second exercise of your workout.
- Progressive Overload
- Pronated / Pronation
- Tempo (Lifting)
- Tertiary Exercises – Also referred to as assistance exercises.
- Trigger Point – A sensitive area of tissue.
- Triples – Short for doing sets of three reps.
- Underhand Grip – Same as supinated grip.
- Undulating Periodization – See Periodization
- Variable Resistance
- VO2 MAX
- Volume – Sets x Reps x Weigh = total “tonnage.”
- Or just Sets x Reps. This is the most common method of measuring volume.
- Warm up
- Water Soluble
- Wave Loading
- Weight Belt