Glossary of Fitness Terms – Workout Terms Defined

A | B | C | D | E | FG | HI | J | K | L | MN | O | P | Q | R | S | T | UV | WX | Y | Z |

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  • 1RM

A

  • Accommodating Resistance
  • Active Recovery
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Aerobic exercise
  • Amino Acids
  • Anaerobic exercise
  • Anaerobic Threshold
  • Anatomy Terms
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • ATP
  • Atrophy

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B

  • Body Mass Index (BMI)

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C

  • Calisthenics
  • Circuit
  • Cluster Sets
  • Compound Exercises
  • Concentric Muscle Action – The lifting portion of an exercise.
  • Cool-Down
  • Cross-Training

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D

  • Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS)
  • DOMS (Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness)
  • Doubles – Short for doing sets of two reps.
  • Drop Set
  • Dynamic Stretching
  • Dynamic Warm-Up

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E

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F

  • Fartlek training (speed play)
  • Fascia
  • Flexion

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G

  • Glucose
  • Glycemic Index (GI)
  • Glycogen
  • Growth Hormone

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H

  • Heart Rate Zones (HR)
  • High-intensity Interval Training (HIIT)
  • Hypertrophy

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I

  • Intensity
  • Interval training
  • Iso kinetic Exercise
  • Isometric Contraction – The muscle produces force, but doesn’t move.

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J

  • Joint

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K

  • Kinesiology

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L

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M

  • Muscle

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N

  • NEAT (Non-exercise activity thermogenesis)
  • Negative

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O

  • Olympic Lifts
  • Overload Principle
  • Overreaching

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P

  • Parasympathetic Nervous System
  • Periodization – The organization and manipulation of training elements of time.
    • Linear
    • Undulating
  • Plyometric Exercise
  • Primary Exercise – The main compound movement in your workout. After your warm up it’s the first, and sometimes the second exercise of your workout.
  • Progressive Overload
  • Pronated / Pronation

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Q

  • Quads

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R

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S

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T

  • Tempo (Lifting)
  • Tendon
  • Tertiary Exercises – Also referred to as assistance exercises.
  • Trigger Point – A sensitive area of tissue.
  • Triples – Short for doing sets of three reps.

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U

  • Underhand Grip – Same as supinated grip.
  • Undulating Periodization – See Periodization

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V

  • Variable Resistance
  • VO2
  • VO2 MAX
  • Volume – Sets x Reps x Weigh = total “tonnage.”
    • Or just Sets x Reps. This is the most common method of measuring volume.

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W

  • Warm up
  • Water Soluble
  • Wave Loading
  • Weight Belt

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X

  • X-Ray

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Y

  • Yoga

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Z

  • Z-Line
  • Zygomatic Bone

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